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 Foreign Language
Success Strategies

First Edition, Volume I: August 2006  

Part II- English Language Grammar Primer & Exercises

Lesson 1

Objective : Upon completion of this lesson, you will:

  • Be able to describe and explain the qualities of nouns, pronouns, and noun equivalents.
  • Identify all nouns, pronouns, and noun equivalents in a given sentence
A noun is a word that names or identifies aperson, place, thing, or idea. It answers the who or what question in a sentence and can function as a subject, subjective complement, objective complement, direct object, indirect object, and object of the preposition. A noun may appear in singular or plural form. The primary categories of nouns are common nouns, proper nouns , collective nouns , and compound nouns.

Common nouns name non-specific people, places, things, or ideas. Sometimes, nouns that refer to ideas are called abstract nouns. They are not capitalized unless they are the first word in a sentence.
Examples: dog, city, planet, confidence, language, idealism, kindness, writers

Proper nouns name specific persons, places, things, or ideas and are usually capitalized.
Examples: Tim Burton, the White House, America, Chinese, Hard Rock Café, Buddhism

Collective nouns are nouns that stand for an entire group of other nouns and are normally thought of as singular in American English.
Examples: the Air Force, student body, gaggle (of geese), team, society

Compound nouns are two or more words combined to create a new noun and can be written as one word, two words, or hyphenated.
Examples: masterpiece, freezer burn, mother-in-law


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